Osteoporosis otherwise known as the “brittle bone disease,” causes a weakening of the bones that can ultimately result in fractures. Often the result of a fall or household duties, fractures commonly occur in the hips, spine, wrists, arms, and legs.
The most commonly known risk factors for osteoporosis include:
- aging females
- having low sex hormones (most common during menopause)
- lower body weight
- use of some medications
Prevention and treatment options for osteoporosis include getting an increase of vitamin D and calcium, maintaining regular exercise program, and if needed, the use of osteoporosis medications.
A bone density scan is the only way to accurately diagnose osteoporosis. Once the severity of osteoporosis is determined, the development of a plan to help prevent the on-set or the progression of the disease is important.